The NY State requirement for mandatory recycling came as a result of rapidly filling landfills, many of which were poorly located. These landfills threatened to pollute nearby or underground water supplies, and most closed. Waste reduction, reuse, and recycling is a more economical and environmentally sound alternative to landfilling or other means of disposal for a large part of the waste stream.In April, 2002 the UCRRA opened a state-of-the-art Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) to process all of Ulster County’s recyclable materials. The MRF was designed to process, bale, and ship 1,800 tons a month (21,000 tons each year) of recyclable materials. The MRF accepts recyclable materials from businesses, institutions, and waste haulers.